Automaker Tesla Inc. (NASDAQ: TSLA) is a major lithium buyer for its key performance in batteries used in electric vehicles. All 3 plants are fully permitted for brine production, processing, and reinjection and have of course the associated infrastructure that comes with operating chemical plants; power, water, road, rail, and a skilled workforce. Advertise with CleanTechnica to get your company in front of millions of monthly readers. This is a striking difference to the early development stage that Howard lumped us in. Tesla's increasing production of its more affordable Model 3, which it began manufacturing in small quantities in mid-… Tesla Model 3, He also currently has a Model 3 reservation. Howard’s characterization that we are early stage and need to do follow the conventional development steps (PFS and a Feasibility study and then secure project finance) completely miscategorizes our project in the convention mining model. U.S. imports of lithium have nearly doubled since 2014 due in part to rising demand from Tesla, SK Innovation Co and others building battery plants in the country, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. The content produced by this site is for entertainment purposes only. Tesla has been using 18650 cells manufactured by Panasonic in Asia in the Models S and X cars since 2013.  These are small battery cells, slightly larger than the standard AA cells.  The Tesla cylindrical cells are 18 mm in diameter and 65 mm tall.  The Panasonic design, perhaps with input from Tesla, is by some accounts one of the most robust formulations available today, yielding very long-lived, reliable performance in the harsh automotive environment. Zachary Shahan is tryin' to help society help itself one word at a time. “If you remember, Elon Musk bid for Simbol, in 2016,” a geothermal brine near the Salton Sea in Southern California. Yahua, which is based in China’s Sichuan province, will now deliver battery-grade lithium hydroxide to Tesla starting in 2021 and through 2025. tesla news, But he does not offer (explicitly or implicitly) investment advice of any sort. Lithium is a silvery-white metal used to make the lithium-ion batteries that power EVs and other products, including the energy-storage products that Tesla and others produce. The Company is focused on the exploration and development of the Arkansas Lithium Project is located in south-central Arkansas.  His career is described in his book, Tangled Wires, published in 2017. Tesla’s Lithium & Nickel Sourcing — Australia? Zach has long-term investments in NIO [NIO], Tesla [TSLA], and Xpeng [XPEV]. Southern Arkansas is one of the largest producers of bromine, which is extracted from groundwater. What I was curious about and Howard and Rodney were happy to chat about was the landscape for these unconventional options. Above: How a rechargeable lithium ion battery works (Image: How Stuff Works) Tesla has been using 18650 cells manufactured by Panasonic in Asia in the Models S and X cars since 2013. That’s enough to potentially supply lithium for more than 250,000 80kWh battery packs per year.”. As to whether it gets commercialized, Rodney and Howard couldn’t say, but Howard commented, “In general, we think that DLE technologies — this is a direct lithium extraction technology that’s being applied to a bromine, but they also apply to oil fields and geothermal — we believe that some of them will work, and they will likely contribute to supply post-2025 in some reasonable volumes. tesla gigafactory, In China, Tesla has sought to further lower the cost of its Standard Range Plus Model 3 by using lithium-iron phosphate batteries made by Chinese battery maker CATL. CleanTechnica is the #1 cleantech-focused news & analysis website in the US & the world, focusing primarily on electric cars, solar energy, wind energy, & energy storage. There are still many steps that Standard Lithium needs to go to.” (Update: Howard accidentally said Standard Lithium would finance the buildout, but it is Lanxess that is financing it, so the quote above has been updated.). Traders betting on lithium miners and battery makers are also benefiting from Tesla… The company’s statement is included at the bottom of this post.*]. In what appears to be a direct assault on electric car leader Tesla, General Motors announced it has created a new electric vehicle battery that … Standard Lithium [TSXV:SLL] Standard Lithium recently commenced operations at first-of-its-kind direct lithium extraction plant in Arkansas, USA. All rechargeable battery cells degrade over time as undesirable side reactions take place in the cells that produce byproducts that block lithium ions from reaching the anode during charging.  Tesla battery packs are warranted against failure but not degradation.  Early indications are that 18650 cell degradation is very slow, losing only a percent or two of capacity per year at worst.  The cells are very resistant to degradation, apparently. Our project partners LANXESS operate 3 processing facilities in the south Arkansas production fairway. These are small battery cells, slightly larger than the standard AA cells. Despite Tesla breaking record after record on the markets (and giving a decent percentage back due to the coronavirus anxiety these days), lithium pricing appears to be negative, on the back of Chinese gross domestic product (GDP) growth issues, which drags down almost all commodities. Just recovering lithium from their waste brine would equate to roughly 21,000 tonnes annually that is without having to do any resource development, the larger opportunity is a multiple of that. The idea for using Lithium ion rechargeable battery cells was first proposed by a British chemist in the early 1970s.  There is an in-depth review of Lithium ion battery cell development in this Wikipedia article.  The television show NOVA (see below) devoted an episode to lithium ion cells in early 2017 that demonstrates the advantages and dangers associated with Lithium ion cells.  It is illuminating, if a little lightweight, technically. ~5% debt $PLS $SGMAEnter US retail speculation on US/TSX stories $LAC $SLL $PLL $CYP ($NNO too) #VelocitilitySkeptical Instoson $ALB $LTHM (Aug 6) Q2 Calls pic.twitter.com/rcFrYL7iSb, — Howard Klein (@LithiumIonBull) August 1, 2020. While these batteries are used in many popular electronic devices, it's the growing popularity of electric vehicles (EVs) that has greatly revved up demand. “The one that is still on the block to happen is sedimentary clay, but Ganfeng, which is the second largest lithium producer in the world, [has] bought into a company called Bacanora [to] give clay a run in Mexico at the Sonora project. “SQM has been producing Lithium Hydroxide battery grade from Atacama brine since many years. Have a tip for CleanTechnica, want to advertise, or want to suggest a guest for our CleanTech Talk podcast? Opinions and comments published on this site may not be sanctioned by and do not necessarily represent the views of CleanTechnica, its owners, sponsors, affiliates, or subsidiaries. Hawley worked in telecommunications primarily as a Product Planner for over 40 years.  He started with Bell Telephone Labs in New Jersey for 20 years and finished with several startup companies in California. This means that higher power charging is meaningless for these battery packs.  The 4.2 X N X I relationship still applies.  It will be interesting to see how these new battery cells perform. • Terms and Conditions, Understanding Tesla's lithium ion batteries. We have completed bench-scale, continuous pilot plant testing, and have now installed at the project location a continuous (24/7) operating industrial-scale pre-commercial demonstration plant of our direct extraction technology. Tesla Model S, Model X, Model 3, and Roadster are trademarks of Tesla. However, Tesla has no relationship with ACI, the company involved in securing Bolivian lithium mining rights, and Tesla gets most of its lithium in Australia. “The deal that they cut is that Standard Lithium Lanxess will finance the full buildout — on a commercial scale of the project — and for that Lanxess will get 70% of the company and Standard Lithium will get 30% of the company.” That’s the economics of that plant/deal. Above: How a rechargeable lithium ion battery works (Image: How Stuff Works). There’s much more in the podcast, so I recommend a full listen. This has a lot of potential. Tesla CEO Elon Musk commented in response to a CleanTechnica article last year that the approach seemed to have some promise. While we are primarily focused on the direct extraction of lithium from the 150,000 acres, 3.14 million tonnes LCE LANXESS resource we do have a large, 27,000 acres (undeveloped), lease package of our own in south Arkansas, The reason for our current focus on lithium extraction from the LANXESS leases is that these leases are already in commercial brine production in a massive way, over 5 billion gallons of brine pumped and processed for bromine extraction and then the brine is reinjected into the source aquifer annually. [Editor’s note: Standard Lithium has reached out to correct and reframe some matters regarding the company. Tesla CEO Elon Musk responded on Twitter that he thought the approach had “a lot of potential.”. That’s just the background, though. The soft silvery-white metal is a vital ingredient in rechargeable batteries of electric vehicles, including those made by Tesla Inc., and Mintak … • Returns The Battery & Mining Catch-22 Threatening The EV Revolution. Tesla, Tags: Albemarle, Bacanora, bromine, California, China, Cleantech Talk, Elon Musk, EV batteries, Ganfeng, geothermal brine, geothermal brine extraction california, geothermal brine lithium, geothermal lithium, Howard Klein, Lanxess, lithium, Lithium Americas, lithium chloride from bromine, Lithium hydroxide, lithium mining, Livent, Mexico, mining, podcasts, RK Equity, Rodney Hooper, Salton Sea, simbol, Sonora Lithium Project, Standard Lithium, Tesla, Tesla batteries, Unconventional brine. Bolivia? Yaan Lithium บริษัทลูกในเครือของ Yahua ได้เซ็นสัญญาการเป็นซัพพลายเออร์ให้กับ Tesla ในช่วงระหว่างปี 2021-2025 ด้วยมูลค่าสัญญาที่ราว 630-880 ล้านดอลลาร์สหรัฐ ... Standard Lithium is a sponsoring company. It is neither inferred nor implied that products sold by EVANNEX® are authorized by or in any way connected to Tesla. Above: Nova's Search for the Super Battery (Source: PBS). Source: Tesla For powering your smartphone or your Tesla … B. Straubel, CTO  of Tesla. Therefore, the partnership allows Standard Lithium to potentially make a business on little (well, less than usual) capital investment, and Lanxess has the potential to make money on something it previously considered useless. Whether it will do the same with the Model Y, which is slightly heavier than the Model 3, is uncertain. News is published on CleanTechnica.com, while reports are published on Future-Trends.CleanTechnica.com/Reports/ and buying guides are here. Just like new battery tech breakthroughs, none have been commercialized yet so capex and opex aren’t known. Contact us here. We are targeting for proof of concept and the formation of the JV company to happen this year (subject to a number of things outside of our control like COVID). Above: Tesla vehicles charging at a Supercharger station (Image: Motoring Research). • Product Warranty Above: Tesla Model S battery pack is positioned in the floorpan of the vehicle (Image: ExtremeTech). A 54-kWh battery is standard on Standard Range Plus, while all others use a 75-kWh battery. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Appreciate CleanTechnica’s originality? That would mark the first time for Tesla to include lithium iron phosphate batteries in its lineup, a step to reduce costs. August 06, 2017 Our current LiOH capacity is 13.5 kMT and we are expanding this year to 21.5 kMT. '” One interesting thing here is that Standard Lithium doesn’t own its lithium source in this case, which is highly unusual in the lithium mining business. Since I had already started having conversations with Howard Klein and Rodney Hooper of RK Equity to learn more about lithium mining and refining for EV batteries, Tesla’s lithium sources, and the catch-22 in the industry right now, I decided to ask them for a conversation on Standard Lithium and other potentially up and coming approaches to lithium extraction. He also explained the typical steps you go through in the mining business for a project, which are: Standard Lithium is at the preliminary economic assessment stage, according to Howard. Sign up for our free daily newsletter to never miss a story. Above: Early indications show that Tesla Model S batteries have only degraded by around 5% after ~30,000 miles (Image: CleanTechnica). *George Hawley has owned a Tesla Model S S85 and a Model X 90D. Lithium is a silvery-white metal used to make the lithium-ion batteries that power EVs and other products, including the energy-storage products that Tesla and others produce. “And it is interesting. One of the key requirements for electric car batteries, especially on road trips, is that they need to be recharged relatively quickly.  Since batteries are direct current (DC) devices and home electrical service is AC, charging at home typically uses a 240 volt circuit supplying 40 amperes (about 10 kW of power).  The car has built in charging circuitry that rectifies the AC, converting it to DC.  Charging this way typically takes several hours.  Tesla has installed Supercharger DC charging stations worldwide that supply up to about 135 kW of power.  The DC bypasses the car's charging circuitry and charges the battery pack directly.  This is much faster, requiring 20 to 40 minutes typically. Find the latest STANDARD LITHIUM LTD (STLHF) stock quote, history, news and other vital information to help you with your stock trading and investing. Battery cells are deceptively simple devices consisting of three basic components: two electrodes, the negative anode and the positive cathode separated by a chemical "soup", called the electrolyte.  When Lithium ion batteries are charged, Lithium ions are forced to migrate to the negative electrode where they are deposited.  During discharge the Lithium ions reverse direction for the Cathode. Join over 50,000 Tesla fans, enter your email to subscribe. by A few weeks ago, one of our writers wrote up a story on the company Standard Lithium and its plan to get lithium for EV batteries in a new, innovative way. Above: Panasonic's 18650 battery cells used in the Tesla Model S and X (Image: PBS). And these processes tend to produce carbonate not hydroxide so need to add an extra step (cost) to make hydroxide. Standard Lithium is a lithium extraction startup pursuing an unconventional method of getting lithium for EV batteries. The company says that it has … Tesla took one step to ensure part of its lithium needs by signing a sales agreement with Piedmont Lithium (PLL) this past week. In order to further improve cell efficiency and lower costs Tesla has built a large battery factory in Sparks, NV near Reno called Gigafactory 1 that is now producing a new cell design called the 2170 because it is 21 mm in diameter and 70 mm high to be used initially in Tesla Powerwall home storage products and Powerpack utility storage products as well as the new Model 3 sedan, designed to be smaller and less expensive than the Model S.  The 2170 design is 46% larger in volume than the 18650 and 10-15 % more energy efficient than the 18650 cells, according to J. Tesla’s CEO Elon Musk told investors at the company’s “Battery Day” event last week that Tesla has secured access to 10,000 acres of lithium-rich … CleanTechnica member, supporter, or ambassador, Straight-Line Acceleration Is Not Enough For BMW, Volkswagen’s Plan To “Kill Off Tesla” Ain’t Happening — But We Need Volkswagen EVs To Succeed, Elon Musk Contributing $100 Million To Discover Carbon Capture Technology That Works, Unlimited E-Bike Conversion Kit Lets You Electrify Your Favorite Bike, Electric Car Conversion: Classic Volvo 240 GL, Volkswagen's Plan To "Kill Off Tesla" Ain't Happening — But We Need Volkswagen EVs To Succeed, Tesla Reduces Model 3 Prices In Europe, VW Misses EU Emissions Target, Unconventional brine (geothermal, oilfield, bromine). Standard Lithium and Other Unconventional Lithium Options CleanTech Talk — Tesla, Solar, Battery, Climate, AI, EV, & Other Tech News & Analysis • By CleanTechnica • Aug 23, 2020 “That project continued, and it’s now called EnergySource, and it has a definitive feasibility, I think, and it’s actually getting close to — I think it’s ready for financing and production. The successful operation of the LiSTR plant will be the “proof of concept” that is a requirement for a final investment decision and formal joint venture agreements to be executed on our project with a staged commercial build ( most permits are already in place because of the existing operations) to follow. Standard Lithium has recently celebrated a proof-of-concept project using its innovative lithium processing technology. “But it doesn’t solve at all a near-term shortage problem we see, in lithium hydroxide in particular, and that’s going to need to be met by more conventional technologies — in particular, hard rock spodumene mines converted directly to hydroxide.”. Click here to receive a free chapter from our 60 Tips and Tricks and Tricks for Tesla Owners ebook. He spends most of his time here on CleanTechnica as its director, chief editor, and CEO. © 2018-2020 EVANNEX® All Rights Reserved. tesla model s, Zach is recognized globally as an electric vehicle, solar energy, and energy storage expert. Over the past three years, we have focused on the development of our direct lithium extraction technology “LiSTR” ( LiSTR stands for lithium – stirred tank reactor) and our next generation lithium carbonate crystallization technology “SiFT”. The Tesla battery packs using Panasonic 18650 batteries can charge no faster than this.  The maximum charging voltage for a Panasonic cell is 4.2 volts.  Panasonic specifies a maximum charging current of 2 amperes per cell.  Tesla allows charging current to be up to 4 amperes.  Therefore the maximum power that a Tesla battery pack can can use for charging is 4.2 X N X I where N is the number of cells in the pack and I is the maximum current allowed per cell.  For 85/90 kWh packs this is 7,104 X 16.8=119.3 kW.  For the 100 kWh packs it is 8,256 X 16.8=138.7 kW.  There is no way to charge faster without increasing the maximum charging current per cell which might hasten degradation of the cells or worse. He notes that it is not true that it is not possible to produce battery-grade lithium hydroxide from brine. And then you’ve got Lithium Americas in Nevada.”. Lithium stocks, particularly lithium mining stocks, have soared along with the price of the metal since early 2016 due to rising demand for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. “A third Tesla provider, Livent, makes hydroxide from Argentina brine.”. “I publish a list of producers, funded developers, which is only one, and then a list of about 30 hopefuls, companies that are at either a very early stage of development — they could be $5 or $10 million market cap, up to $150 million market cap companies, which include a company like Standard Lithium, which has less market cap than that, but have raised $50 million, have advanced to a [preliminary economic assessment] or a pre-feasibility study level.”, *NEW*Mr Market Scoreboard #LithiumDecoupling from China spod/carb?ASX cover shorts $ORE $GXYEU ❤️ green spodumene. Standard Lithium is a British Columbia-based company that is doing something similar. 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